HKFYG Lee Shau Kee College

Wis­dom in Action

Integrated Science

Plans

Objectives:

1.

To develop curiosity and interest in science exploration

2.

To cultivate critical thinking and problem solving skills

3.

To acquire the basic scientific knowledge for living in technological world

4.

To equip students for more academic pursuit in the discipline of science in senior secondary education


Learning goals of S.1 Integrated Science

Chapter 1 Introducing science

Topic Learning goals
1.1 Science and us
  • To develop interest in science
  • To know the branches of science and the work of scientists
  • To understand the meaning of, and difference between, scientific discoveries and inventions, and their influence to society
  • To understand the nature and limitations of scientific knowledge

For abler students:

  • To have self study of the history of famous scientists and their investigations. (Bonus mark HW)
1.2 Working in the laboratory                                                            
  • To acquire basic knowledge about common laboratory equipment and apparatus
  • Be able to draw simple diagrams of apparatus
  • Be able to follow laboratory rules when working in the laboratory
  • To understand hazard warning labels
  • Be able to take safety measures in case of emergency in the laboratory
1.3 Basic skills in doing                       experiments
  • Be able to develop skills in handling chemicals/ apparatus safely
  • Be able to observe, record and present experimental results
  • Be able to use suitable instruments and appropriate units in measurements

For abler students:

  • Be able to reduce the error of measurement to minimum level
1.4 Conducting a scientific                   investigation
  • To gain some ideas and skills related to scientific investigation
  • To understand what a fair test is, and be able to control the variables involved
  • Be able to design and carry out a simple scientific investigation

For abler students:

  • To evaluate their own design of experiments

 

Chapter 2 Looking at living things

Topic  Learning goals 
2.1 Characteristics of living things
  • Be able to identify the characteristics of living things and distinguish living things from non-living things
2.2 Observing living things 
  • Be able to identify some characteristics of living things by observation
  • To acquire some basic skills in observing living things
  • Observing small living things
2.3 Diversity of living things
  • To appreciate the diversity of living things and habitats
  • Be able to construct and interpret a bar chart
  • To understand variations exist among living things
2.4 Classification of living things
  • To understand the needs for classification in daily life
  • Be able to classify animals and plants
  • Be able to use and construct a simple key to classify living things

For abler students:

  • To point out some species of living things have distinctive body features from other living things in the same group
2.5 Endangered species                                                                          
  • To show concern for extinction of living things
  • To develop awareness of human activities on the environment
  • To understand the importance and the ways of protecting wildlife

For abler students:

  • Be able to tell the meaning and examples of sustainable development
  • To understand the views of different stakeholders towards the sustainable development

 

Chapter 3 Cells and human reproduction

Topic Learning goals
3.1 The basic units of living things
  • To understand that the cell is the basic unit of life
  • To acquire basic skills to use a light microscope
  • To know the basic structure of animal and plant cells
  • To understand that most cells can grow and divide
3.2 A new life is born
  • To distinguish between asexual and sexual reproduction
  • To identify the male and female sex cells
  • To identify the different parts of the male and female reproductive systems
  • To understand the process of fertilization and implantation
  • To appreciation and understand the development of the embryo and how a new life is born
  • To understand the importance of parental care
  • To acquire some knowledge about heredity
3.3 Puberty
  • To describe the various changes at puberty and the secondary sexual characteristics of two sexes
  • To recognize some signs of the onset of puberty of the two sexes
  • To develop a positive attitude towards the physical and psychological changes at puberty

For abler students:

  • Be able to identify myths of puberty
3.4 Becoming parents
  • To acquire some knowledge about pregnancy
  • To appreciate the importance of parenthood in raising children
  • To acquire some knowledge about family planning and method of birth control
  • To understand the principle behind IVF
  • To recognize the risk of abortion

For abler students:

  • Be able to explore the latest technologies of birth control methods
3.5 Sexually transmitted diseases                                 
  • To acquire some knowledge about the causes and symptoms
  • To develop a sense of obligation towards the prevention of STDs’ spread
  • To develop positive attitudes towards AIDS patients

For abler students:

  • Be able to explore features of other STDs

 

Chapter 4 Energy

Topic  Learning goals 
4.1 Forms of energy
  • Be able to distinguish the different forms of energy
4.2 Energy conversion
  • To know that different forms of energy can be inter-convertible
  • To know some common energy converters
  • Be aware of the need to control energy conversions

For abler students:

  • To calculate the efficiency of energy conversion from experimental data
4.3 Common fuels
  • To know some fuels commonly used today
  • To know some properties of good fuels
  • Be aware of the safety precautions in using fuels
4.4 Generating electricity
  • Be able to state the energy conversions in generating electricity from fuels
4.5 Energy sources and us                          
  • Be aware of human’s increasing demand for energy
  • Be aware of the environmental problems arising from the generation of electricity
  • To know how to generate electricity by using alternative energy sources

For abler students:

  • Be able to explore new energy technologies

 

Chapter 5 The wonderful solvent: Water

Topic   Learning goals  
5.1 Importance of water
  • Be aware of the importance of water
  • To know some functions of water in our body
5.2 Making water safe to drink
  • To know the presence of soluble, insoluble impurities and micro-organisms in water
  • To acquire skills to carry out sedimentation, filtration and distillation
  • To understand the effect of sedimentation filtration and distillation in purifying water
  • To acquire knowledge of the water treatment process in Hong Kong

For abler students:

  • Be able to make a water purifier
5.3 The water cycle
  • To understand what the water cycle is
  • To understand that water changes its state during evaporation and condensation
  • Be able to design and perform an investigation on the factors affecting the rate of evaporation
5.4 Water conservation and               pollution
  • Be able to explain the need to conserve water
  • To suggest ways to conserve water
  • Be able to state the sources of water pollution
  • To know different ways of controlling water pollution

For abler students:

  • Be able to explore the current water pollution problems in Hong Kong
  • Be able to explore water treatment works in Hong Kong
5.5 Dissolving
  • To acquire knowledge about solute, solvent, solution and dissolving
  • Be able to design and perform an investigation on the factors affecting the rate of dissolving
5.6 Growing crystals
  • To acquire knowledge of crystallization
  • To learn how to grow crystals and investigate the effect of the rate of cooling on the size of crystal formed
5.7 Solvents other than water                                         
  • To know some common solvents other than water
  • Be aware of the potential hazards when handing solvents other than water

 

Chapter 6 Matters as particles

Topic Learning goals 
6.1 Matter

  • To know that there are three states of matter: solid, liquid and gas
  • Be able to describe the macroscopic properties of matter in the three states
  • To acquire awareness that the state of a substance depends on temperature
6.2 The particle theory of matter                                                  
  • Be able to find evidence to support the particle theory
  • Be able to infer that all substances are made of tiny particles, all particles are moving and there are spaces between particles
  • To know that atom is the smallest unit of matter

For abler students:

  • To tell the name and basic properties of electrons, neutrons and protons in an atom
6.3 The particle model
  • Be able to use the particle model to explain the properties of different states of matter
6.4 Gas pressure
  • Be able to relate gas pressure to the motion of particles
  • To know that a gas can be compressed and its pressure changes when it is compressed
  • Be able to realize there is atmospheric pressure and the importance of atmospheric pressure in daily life
6.5 Density of matter
  • To acquire some knowledge of density
  • Be aware that less dense substances float on denser liquids
6.6 Thermal expansion and               contraction
  • To understand that substances expand on heating and contract on cooling
  • Be able to explain thermal expansion and contraction using the particle model
  • Be familiar with daily applications of thermal expansion

 

Learning goals of S.2 Integrated Science

 

Chapter 7 Living things and air

Topic  Learning goals 
7.1 What is air made up of?  
  • To know the basic composition of air
  • To acquire basic laboratory skills to test for oxygen, carbon dioxide and water
  • To compare the composition of breathed air and unbreathed air

For abler students:

  • To explore the names and properties of other gases in air
7.2 Air and Burning
  • To know the conditions for burning
  • To understand the principles of putting out a fire
  • To acquire some knowledge of fire prevention and survival skills in case of fire
  • To write proper word equation of burning

For abler students:

  • To explore the latest technologies of fire fighting
7.3 How humans obtain energy?                                    
  • To know that food stores chemical energy
  • To know that food is a source of energy for our body
  • To design an experiment to compare the amounts of energy in different foods

For abler students:

  • To calculate energy content in food from experimental data
7.4 How do green plants obtain           energy?
  • To recognize that green plants make their own food by photosynthesis
  • Be able to test for the products of photosynthesis
  • To infer from experiments the necessary conditions for photosynthesis
  • To understand the importance of photosynthesis
  • To understand the concept of a food chain

For abler students:

  • To infer the consequence when some species are extinct in food web
7.5 Gaseous exchange in animals       and plants
  • To recognize respiration as the process during which the chemical energy in food is released in cells
  • To know the structure of the respiratory system and the breathing mechanism in humans
  • To point out the differences between gaseous exchange in animals and green plants
  • To appreciate the interdependence between plants and animals
7.6 Air pollution and smoking
  • To identify some common air pollutants, their sources and effects on health
  • To understand what the Air Pollution Index is
  • To understand the harmful effects of smoking and passive smoking on health

For abler students:

  • To suggest the ways of air pollution reduction

 

Chapter 8 Making use of electricity

Topic  Learning goals 
8.1 Conditions necessary for current       to flow through
  • Be aware that chemical energy in a cell is changed to other forms of energy in a closed circuit
  • Be able to illustrate with experiments the conditions necessary for current flow

For abler students:

  • To understand the working principal of batteries
8.2 Electrical conductors and                 insulators
  • Be aware that objects can be classified as conductors and insulators
  • Be able to design a simple circuit to test for insulators and conductors
  • Be familiar with the structures of simple switches

For abler students:

  • To recognise the nature semi-conductors
8.3 Current Voltage and resistance                                         
  • Be able to measure current and voltage with ammeters and voltmeters respectively
  • Be able to use the units: ampere, volt and ohm appropriately
  • To recognise the factors affecting the resistance of a wire
  • To recognise the functions of resistors in a circuit
  • To understand how a rheostat works

For abler students:

  • Be able to understand the relationships between current, voltage and resistance
8.4 Circuit symbols and diagrams
  • Be able to use common circuit symbols in drawing circuit diagrams
  • Acquire some skills in wiring simple circuits

For abler students:

  • To explore symbols of other electrical components
8.5 Series and parallel circuits
  • To recognize and describe patterns of changes in currents and voltages in electric circuits
  • Be familiar with the properties of series and parallel circuits
8.6 The heating effect of current and       its potential hazards
  • To understand the heating effect of current as a kind of energy conversion
  • To understand the working principle of a fuse and its use in protecting electrical appliances
  • Be able to choose fuses of suitable ratings to protect appliances
  • To know that the circuit breaker is another safety device

For abler students:

  • To understand the working principle of circuit breakers
8.7 Household electricity
  • To know the mains voltage in Hong Kong
  • To understand the wiring of a 3-pin plug and the colour coding of wires
  • Be able to describe the advantages of a ring circuit
  • Be able to state the potential dangers and safety precautions in using electricity from the mains
8.8 Electrical power
  • To understand electrical power and its relationship with current and voltage
  • Be able to use the units watt and kilowatt-hour appropriately

For abler students:

  • Be able to calculate the cost of electricity from an electricity bill

 

Chapter 9 Space travel

Topic  Learning goals 
9.1 Force
  • Be able to describe some effects of forces
  • Be able to use newton balance to measure force and recognize newton (N) as the unit of force
  • To distinguish contact forces and non-contact forces

For abler students:

  • To explore the examples and meaning of different kinds of forces
9.2 Friction
  • To realize that friction is a contact force existingbetween two surfaces in relative motion
  • To know that friction always opposes motion andcan induce heating effect
  • To know some ways to reduce friction
  • To realize that friction can be helpful

For abler students:

  • To explore the frictionless motion
9.3 The force of gravity                                                      
  • To recognize that the force of gravity is a non-contact force and it always points towards the centre of the Earth
  • To know that weight of an object is the force of gravity of the Earth on the object
  • To recognize that the weight of an object on the Moon is different from its weight on Earth
  • To realize the difference between mass and weight

For abler students: 

  • To calculate the weight of an object on the surface of different planets
9.4 Space journey – launching
  • To infer that forces always work in pairs and they are equal and opposite to each othe
  • To infer that upward movement of rockets is due to the downward movement of the exhaust gas
  • To know the special designs of rockets and the kinds of fuels
  • To be aware of the potential hazards in using hydrogen as a fuel

For abler students:

  • Be able to construct a water rocket

 

Chapter 11 Sensing the environment

Topic Learning goals 
11.1 The importance of sensing the                     environment
  • To understand the importance of sensing the environment
  • Be able to state the five senses, the sense organs involved and the stimuli they detect
11.2 Sight
  • To understand the structures and functions of main parts of our eyes
  • Acquire some basic dissecting techniques
  • To understand the functions of the light-sensitive cells
  • To recognize the limitations of our eyes and know the methods for extending vision
  • To understand the causes of some eye defects and their corrections/ treatment

For abler students:

  • To explore the vision of other animals
11.3 Hearing
  • To understand how sound is produced and transmitted
  • To understand the structures and functions of main parts of our ears
  • To recognize the limitations of our ears
  • Be aware of the noise pollution problem and its harmful effects

For abler students:

  • To explore hearing of other animals
11.6 Effects of alcohol, drugs and                         solvents on our senses
  • To recognize that alcohol, drugs and solvents can affect our senses
  • Be able to make informed decisions on the use of drugs

For abler students:

  • To understand how breathalyzers work

 

Chapter 10 Common acids and alkalis

Topic Learning goals
10.1 Acids & alkalis
  • To recognize that many food and household products contain acids or alkalis
  • To recognize some commonly used acids and alkalis in the laboratory
  • Be aware of the safety precautions when handling acids and alkalis and the related emergency treatment
10.2 Indicators for distinguishing                 acids and alkalis
  • To know some natural indicators and be able to use them to distinguish acids and alkalis
  • Be able to use litmus to distinguish acids and alkalis
  • Be able to use universal indicator or pH paper to find out the pH value of a substance

For abler students:

  • To explore the meaning and calculation of pH
  • To explore more accurate method of pH measurement
10.3 Corrosive nature of acids                                                              
  • To recognize the corrosive nature of acids
  • Carry out experiments with dilute acids and metals
  • To carry out experiments with dilute acids and building materials like marble, limestone and sandstone
  • To recognize the potential dangers in handling concentrated acids and alkalis

For abler students:

  • To distinguish the difference between strong acid and concentrated acid
  • To explore the corrosive nature of alkalis
10.4 Acid rain
  • To identify the cause and effects of acid rain
  • Recognize acid rain as a regional and global problem
  • Suggest ways to prevent the formation of acid rain
10.5 Neutralization
  • Recognize that a salt and water are formed when an acid and an alkali neutralize each other
  • To recognize some uses of neutralization in daily life

For abler students:

  • To explore more accurate method of neutralization
10.6 More use of acids and alkalis in daily life
  • To acquire some knowledge of the everyday uses of acids and alkalis